Influence of the Heat Treatment on the Layer JC of Internal-Sn Nb3Sn Wires With Internally Oxidized Nanoparticles

We evaluated various heat treatments (HT) for maximizing the Nb 3 Sn layer thickness while retaining a refined grain microstructure in low filament count internal-Sn Nb 3 Sn Rod-In-Tube wires with internally oxidized nanoparticles. These wires were manufactured in our laboratory using SnO 2 as oxygen source and Nb alloys containing Ta and Zr or Hf. By reacting the wires at 650 °C for 200 hours we obtained relatively thin reaction layers but high layer critical current densities (layer J C ) of ∼3000 A/mm 2 for Hf-containing wires and ∼2700 A/mm 2 for Zr-containing wires, both at 4.2 K and 16 T. Notably, both of these values are over the layer J C threshold of 2500 A/mm 2 , which is estimated to be necessary for attaining the corresponding Future Circular Collider (FCC) target non-Cu J C of 1500 A/mm 2 . Following this heat treatment, the fine-grained Nb 3 Sn area occupies only ∼35% of the filament area for Hf-containing wires and ∼20% for Zr-containing wires. After heat treatments with a reaction step at 700 °C these values increase to 70–80% and ∼60%, respectively, with only a minor increase of the grain size. However, we observed a noticeable decrease in the layer J C for these HT. Magnetic measurements show that the high J C wires exhibit a point defect contribution from precipitates to the pinning force, which is missing in wires with depressed J C values. The higher heat treatment temperatures may have caused excessive coarsening of the oxide precipitates, to sizes unsuitable for flux pinning. Reaction heat treatment temperatures in the range of 650 °C to 700 °C and durations between 50 and 200 hours may provide a better compromise between the Nb 3 Sn layer thickness, its grain size and nanoparticle size.

    Organizational unit
    Bovone - Nb3Sn
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    Dataset
    DOI
    10.26037/yareta:6ibtep6aaragtdult2ec6imnxu
    Identical to the following DOI
    • 10.1109/TASC.2024.3355353
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    Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
Publication date23/02/2024
Retention date20/02/2034
accessLevelPublicAccess levelPublic
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  • Lonardo, Francesco
  • Bovone, Gianmarco orcid
  • Buta, Florin
  • Bagni, Tommaso orcid
  • Medina-Clavijo, Bentejui
  • Ballarino, Amalia
  • Hopkins, Simon C.
  • Boutboul, Thierry
  • Senatore, Carmine orcid
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